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Honda Check Engine Light Codes (CEL Codes)

How to check Honda Error Codes

Written By on in Cars & Bikes

568 words, estimated reading time 3 minutes.

All Honda models (1992-2000 models) are equipped with an On-Board Diagnostic system (ODB) which illuminates a malfunction or check engine light on the dash. You can read codes from this light to determine the cause of the error.

This facility is built into the PCM, and is designed to alert the driver to a system component fault which may result in a higher than normal emissions of harmful exhaust/fuel vapour gases and speed up the engine management troubleshooting procedure. Should an engine management component fail, the incorrect (or implausible) signal is recognised by the PCM, which stores a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC), and where appropriate, illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)/Check Engine Light (CEL) in the instrument cluster.

In order to retrieve any stored DTC's, either a fault code reader must be connected to the vehicle's data link connector (located above the Service Check Connector), or read from the MIL in the instrument cluster.

Reading the Check Engine Light

The service check connector (2-pin) is located under the dashboard, above the passenger side kick panel. By default it is inserted into a green rubber housing. for 92-95 models it is gray, 96-00 models its blue. The codes can be read by bridging the two pins in the service connector and reading the MIL on the instrument cluster (all models). Vehicles 2000 onwards are fitted with a 16-pin diagnostic behind the centre console on the passenger side. A fault code reader is required to retrieve or clear codes via this connector.

To view any DTC's stored in the PCM memory (without a code reader), fit a bridging wire into service check connector then turn the ignition switch to the ON position. If any codes are present, they will blink a sequence in the MIL to indicate a system or component failure.

The MIL will blink longer to represent the first digit and then will blink short for the second (for example 1 long and 6 short would be code 16). If the system has more than one problem, the codes will be displayed in sequence, there will be a pause, then the codes will repeat.

When the PCM sets DTC, the MIL will come on and trouble code will be stored in the memory. The trouble code will stay in the PCM until voltage to the PCM is interrupted. To clear the memory, remove the BACK-UP fuse from the fuse relay box located in the engine compartment for at least ten seconds. NOTE - This will also clear any radio presets/codes.

Common Diagnostic Trouble Codes

1 O2A - Oxygen sensor #1
2 O2B - Oxygen sensor #2
3 MAP - manifold absolute pressure sensor
4 CKP - crank position sensor
5 MAP - manifold absolute pressure sensor
6 ECT - water temperature sensor
7 TPS - throttle position sensor
8 TDC - top dead centre sensor
9 CYP - cylinder sensor
10 IAT - intake air temperature sensor
12 EGR - exhaust gas recirculation lift valve
13 BARO - atmospheric pressure sensor
14 IAC (EACV) - idle air control valve
15 Ignition output signal
16 Fuel injectors
17 VSS - speed sensor
19 Automatic transmission lockup control valve
20 Electrical load detector
21 VTEC spool solenoid valve
22 VTEC pressure valve
23 Knock sensor
30 Automatic transmission A signal
31 Automatic transmission B signal
36 traction control found on JDM ecu's
41 Primary oxygen sensor heater
43 Fuel supply system
45 Fuel system too rich or lean
48 LAF - lean air fuel sensor
54 CKF - crank fluctuation sensor
58 TDC sensor #2
61 Primary oxygen sensor
63 Secondary oxygen sensor circuit
65 Secondary oxygen sensor heater wire (black wires)
67 Cat Converter
71 random misfire cylinder 1
72 random misfire cylinder 2
73 random misfire cylinder 3
74 random misfire cylinder 4
80 EGR Valve/Line
86 ECT sensor - Cooling System
91 Fuel Tank pressure sensor
92 EVAP Solenoid/Valve/Vacuum Lines

Last updated on: Saturday 17th June 2017

 

 

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